2 edition of Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia found in the catalog.
Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia
|Series||Policy research working papers ;, WPS 1054|
|LC Classifications||HC244.Z9 I5179 1992|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||39 p. :ill. ;|
|Number of Pages||39|
|LC Control Number||93127301|
by David Lipton First Deputy Managing Director, IMF At The Peterson Institute for International Economics Washington, D.C., Ma As prepared for delivery Thank you for providing me the opportunity to present the key findings of a new IMF study on fiscal policy and income inequality. Income inequality has [ ]. Chapter 14 Income distribution, economic systems and transition. using benchmarks from the OECD area we review evidence from the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union during the socialist period. price subsidies and social incomes in kind. For the socialist period we are able to consider long series of data Cited by:
from -- this post authored by Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez, and Gabriel Zucman Appear. This, and the social tensions associated with fiscal consolidation that many have faced in part stemming from the global financial crisis, have put the distributional impact of governments" tax and spending policies at the heart of the public debate in many countries. Of course, the question of just how much redistribution the state should do.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At million square miles ( million km 2), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Most of the country is located in central North America Capital: Washington, D.C., 38°53′N 77°01′W . This paper decomposes changes in inequality, which has in general been increasing in the transition economies of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, both by income sourceCited by:
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Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia. Washington, DC ( H St. NW, Washington ): Country Economics Dept., World Bank,  (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Branko Milanović.
Eastern Europe and Russian Federation - Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia Article (PDF Available).
Downloadable. The author empirically explores the distributional impactof social transfers in cash and in-kind in Russia and Eastern Europe. He shows that cash transfers, on the whole, are distributed almost uniformly (equally per capita) regardless of one's position in income distribution.
By contrast, in market economies, absolute amounts of cash transfers decline as one moves. In a study about the impact of cash social transfers on inequality in thirteen EU member-states, Heady, Mitrakos and Tsakloglou () find that the distributional effect of these transfers is.
Inequality is further reduced by in-kind transfers in the form of education and health. However, we find that in cash terms, households beginning in the second decile were net payers to the treasury inas the share of taxes paid exceeded the cash benefits received for all but the poorest 10 percent of the population.
"Distributional Impact of Cash and In-kind Transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia", in van de Walle, Dominique and Kimberly Nead (eds.), Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence, Baltimore and London: World Bank and the Johns Hopkins University Press, Earlier version published as WorldFile Size: 87KB.
"Distributional Impact of Cash and In-kind Transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia", in van de Walle, Dominique and Kimberly Nead (eds.), Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence, Baltimore and London: World Bank and the Johns Hopkins University Press, Earlier version published as World.
Distributional Impact of Cash and In-Kind Social Transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia, World Bank (Washington, DC), Cash Social Transfers, Direct Taxes, and Income Distribution in Late Socialism, World Bank (Washington, DC), Milanovic, Branko, "Eastern Europe and Russian Federation - Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia," Policy Research Working Paper SeriesThe World Bank.
Flemming, J.S. & Micklewright, John, Social transfers in kind consist of individual goods and services provided as transfers in kind to individual households by government units (including social security funds) and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs), whether purchased on the market or produced as non- market output by government units or NPISHs.
The Distributional Impact of Public Services in Europe Rolf Aaberge –Extended income is the sum of cash income and in-kind transfers (childcare, education, health care and long-term “Equivalence Scales and the Distributional Impact of Public. Essentially, it consists of allocating taxes (particularly personal income tax [PIT] and consumption taxes) and public spending (particularly social spending) to households or individuals so that one can compare incomes before taxes and transfers with incomes after taxes and transfers Transfers include direct cash transfers; in-kind benefits.
Using individual-level data for 11 European countries, in combination with country-level data, this paper examines associations between the receipt of public transfers by individuals and their probabilities of exiting and entering poverty, as well as the total amount of time spent below the poverty line.
Rather than focusing on welfare regime typology or shares of transfers Cited by: 1. Milanovic, B. (): “The Distributional Impact of Cash and In-Kind Transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia,” in Public spending and the poor: Theory and evidence, ed.
by D. van de Walle and K. Nead, Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press for the World Bank, – Google Scholar. components of the Europe target), this indicator allows assessment (crudely) of the impact of social transfers.
This paper develops a similar approach by simulating the effects of social transfers on material deprivation, showing thereby the effects of social transfers that we miss by only considering their impact on income poverty.
"Distributional Impact of Cash and In-kind Transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia", in van de Walle, Dominique and Kimberly Nead (eds.), Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence, Baltimore and London: World Bank and the Johns Hopkins University Press, Earlier version published as World Bank PRE Working Paper No.December.
Access Statistics for Branko Milanovic Author contact details at EconPapers. Working Paper Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia: 0: 0: 0: 1: 4: 6: Cash Social Transfers, Direct Taxes. of the Social Transfers in Kind* to the EU-SILC micro data base to assess distribution indicators of the monetary and non- monetary (STiK) inequalities for poverty analysis across the EU Member States.
Currently it is discussed with DG EMPL for further improvement and possible policy use. On average, in-kind transfers are found to decrease the Gini coefficient by percentage points in five European economies (Belgium, Germany, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom), with health ( points) and education ( points) accounting for virtually all of this impact (Paulus, Sutherland, and Tsakloglou ; Figure ).
paid in-kind in cases where the Social Welfare Service officers consider that the cash would not be spent appropriately by the recipient. TABLE 2 Benefit structure of public assistance Year Head Dependent>14 Dependent.
By providing the poor with food and shelter, society can be more confident that it is not helping to support such addictions. This is one reason in-kind transfers are more politically popular than cash payments to the poor. of Advocates of cash payments, on the other hand, argue that in-kind transfers are inefficient and not disrespectful.Currently, half of the programs are externally-funded, only cover % of the population, and do so mostly (64%) with in-kind measures (see also overview here).
More on Africa with news on the resilience front: the Kenya Cash Working Group, a multi-agency platform, issued its new interim guidance on minimum expenditure baskets (see p.6 for. The average market income Gini, i.e., in the absence of any fiscal redistribution, is Redistributive transfers and taxes reduce inequality by about a third, with about two-thirds of this coming from transfers.
The previous slide does not include the impact of in-kind benefits, such as public spending on health, education, and housing.